ⓘ Johann Friedrich Pfaff fue un matemático alemán. Fue descrito como uno de los matemáticos más destacados de Alemania, durante el siglo XIX. Fue un precursor de ..

                                     

ⓘ Johann Friedrich Pfaff

Johann Friedrich Pfaff fue un matemático alemán. Fue descrito como uno de los matemáticos más destacados de Alemania, durante el siglo XIX. Fue un precursor de la escuela alemana de pensamiento matemático, que bajo Carl Friedrich Gauss y sus seguidores determinó en gran medida las líneas sobre las cuales se desarrollaró la matemática en el siglo XIX.

                                     

1. Biografía

He received his early education at the Carlsschule, where he met Friedrich Schiller, his lifelong friend. His mathematical capacity was noticed during his early years. He pursued his studies at Göttingen under Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, and in 1787 he went to Berlin and studied practical astronomy under J. E. Bode. In 1788, Pfaff became professor of mathematics in Helmstedt, and continued his work as a professor until that university was abolished in 1810. After this event, he became professor of mathematics at the University of Halle, where he stayed for the rest of his life.

He studied mathematical series and integral calculus, and is noted for his work on partial differential equations of the first order Pfaffian systems, as they are now called, which became part of the theory of differential forms; and as Carl Friedrich Gausss formal research supervisor. He knew Gauss well, when they both lived together in Helmstedt in 1798. August Möbius was later his student.

His two principal works are Disquisitiones analyticae maxime ad calculum integralem et doctrinam serierum pertinentes and" Methodus generalis, aequationes differentiarum particularum, necnon aequationes differentiales vulgares, utrasque primi ordinis inter quotcumque variabiles, complete integrandi” in Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1814-1815.

Su hermano Johann Wilhelm Andreas Pfaff fue profesor de matemática pura y aplicada. Otro hermano, Christian Heinrich Pfaff, fue profesor de medicina, física y química.